When at sea either surfaced
or dived, work was arranged in 4 hours sea watches. Half of
the crew was then on watch while the other half was off. The
meals were taken while being off watch.
The different duties onboard
were distributed to different craftsmen. There were seamen’s
division for deck service. That entailed officers, helmsmen,
signal- artillery- sonar- and radiomen.
There was also a division of
engineers and motormen
Further there were cooks and
The standard crew counted 26
men. Onboard duties were specified in the Submarine Standard
The crew was a very coherent
group. Ultimately everyone was dependent of each member of
the crew to act responsible as mistakes could lead to a
A submariner was expected to
act to a great degree independently without being given
direct commands. This behaviour is still practiced by
Swedish submarines of today, giving great coherence and
U3 Submarine Standard Operations, RSwN. Pdf 3Mb in Swedish.